In this episode, Derek and Brent talk about the tendency among Japanese learners of English to avoid speaking up in class (reticence). Some of the related topics are listed below:

Silence in the Second Language Classroom (Thesis)

https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/13498/1/555328.pdf

The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture

https://www.amazon.co.jp/Japanese-Mind-Understanding-Contemporary-Culture/dp/0804832951

Willingness to Communicate (Yashima) – https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227534388_Willingness_to_Communicate_in_a_Second_Language_The_Japanese_EFL_Context

Identity and language learning – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Identity_and_language_learning

Choosing Investment over Engagement – https://corwin-connect.com/2020/01/choosing-investment-over-engagement/

Self-Determination Theory (Basic Psychological Needs) – https://selfdeterminationtheory.org/topics/application-basic-psychological-needs/

KY (Kuuki Yomeru / Yomenai) – https://cotoacademy.com/kuuki-yomenai/

The Rice Theory of Culture – https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1172&context=orpc

Mura Hachbu (Ostracism) – https://www.japantimes.co.jp/culture/2021/09/16/films/film-reviews/a-balance/

Japanese Parenting Style – And Differences from the West – https://socialanxietycounseling.com/japanese-parenting-style/ 

Amaeru – http://www.romajidesu.com/dictionary/meaning-of-amaeru.html

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